Background about the Issue

Andhra Pradesh particularly Coastal Andhra Pradesh is identified as a high supply zone for sending and transiting girls from other states for sex. It also sends its own women and girls to states of Mumbai, Calcutta, Goa, Chennai, Orissa and inter districts for prostitution, Marriage and cheap Labour. It also traffics boys and girls for begging as child Labour. The trafficking, sale and prostitution of girl children have become major problems in Andhra Pradesh particularly in Coastal Andhra. Hundreds of girls and women travel on a regular basis and traffickers from organized crime syndicates trap them. HELPs statistical findings show that, in Coastal Andhra Pradesh alone, there are about 25,000 sex workers earn their bread by selling their bodies.

Human Trafficking is increasingly being recognized as a complex process, a systematic, economic phenomenon, involving the interplay of several contributing factors and vulnerabilities that are created by social, economic and in some cases, political factors. The most common purpose for the Trafficking of Women and Children is Commercial Sexual Exploitation (CSE), though there is a parallel demand for trafficked persons for the purpose of bonded labour, organ transplantation, and supply zones. In India, Andhra Pradesh is a source, destination, and transit state for trafficking of women and children for cheap labour, Beggary etc. But even for those who have been trafficked for purposes other than Commercial Sexual Exploitation, CSE is a common form of violence that most of them have to face. Human Trafficking has been identified as the third largest source of profit for organized crime, following arms and then drug trafficking, generating billions of dollars annually also, it is highly lucrative for the reason that it requires very little investment besides chains of contact persons between demand points and for the purposes of Commercial Sexual Exploitation and other forms of exploitative labour. Children and women are trafficked from the rural villages of Andhra Pradesh to the major towns of AP and other main cities like Mumbai, Goa, Pune and Delhi of the Country.

For this very reason HELP views its Counter Trafficking Measures as an uni-focal campaign against Trafficking which is not limited only in curative efforts such as rescue, psychosocial and economical rehabilitation of the victims of CSE, but also emphasizes on preventive and promotive measures, thus HELP has taken upon the responsibility of sharing its learning with the community.



As a part of HELP’s psychosocial care, Terre des Hommes (G) and Volkswagon extended their kind support for the children of Costal AP. HELP, supported by TdH-VW, with technical assistance of NIMHANs, took up the activities to work in 10 habitations of 5 panchayats in 4 Mandals of Prakasam district, covering 1759 families and 2472 children (of whom 1095 girls and 1377 boys).

“The then District education officer of Prakasam Dist. appreciated the efforts of HELP in supporting the children. He expressed his satisfaction over the functioning of RBCs and NRBCs and the education support they are extending, and requested HELP to extend their area of operation.” 

Here is the report on the same: “Basic Education and Psychosocial Care – a case report from the field. 

Healing through Dance Movement Therapy

Dance Movement Therapy is a process where dance and movement is used therapeutically  and creatively to engage the participants within a structured methodology so that they can reintegrate themselves physically, emotionally, cognitively and socially and thereby restore their lost self dignity. Kolkata Sanved uses Dance Movement Therapy as a creative tool for psycho-social rehabilitation of victims of trafficking, violence and abuse. 

HELP with the support of TdH, implementated Kolkata Sanved’s Dance Movement Therapy with the rescue and rehabilitated children to help in their emotional healing and psychosocial development.

Please find the reports below the details the implementation of the activities by HELP among children. Click the image(s) below to download the report(s).


Developing Positive Discipline Curriculum

The Positive Discipline Curriculum teach adults to refrain from taking their anger out on children, whilst demonstrating positive disciplines and helping their children to behave well without forcing harsh, harmful punishments upon them. This training manual will support potential trainers to facilitate training courses for care givers of institutions also guides in the methods of positive discipline.  

Our aim is to help care givers and other stakeholders working on the issues of children and their protection gain a better understanding about children’s psychology and the consequences of punishment, whilst equipping them with the necessary knowledge and skills to effectively apply positive discipline as an alternative to physical and emotional punishment. 

This manual is a result of workshops and discussion with the staff of Child Care Institutions (CCIs) – Juvenile Justice Homes in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana in three locations, conducted with the technical support of Child Rights Trust (CRT), BengaluruThis was developed by HELP with support from Terre des hommes Foundation, co-funded by Human Dignity Foundation (HDF)

Download the ‘Curriculum and Training manual for Homes Staff on Positive Disciplining’ here.